Corfu Luxury Villas Renting.
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Luxury Villas for rent in Corfu & Paxos
Corfu is one of the seven Ionian Islands, located in the most northwestern part of the Ionian Pelagos. It is reachable also the duration of the flight is 45-50 minutes from The Athens International Airport, while there are also flights from Thessaloniki and major European cities as well as by sea. Also, boats link to Corfu to the island group Paxoi and the islands Othonoi, Ereikoussa.
Corfu, a destination of elegance and nobility
The Corfu island has incurred of Venetian dominance, with a uniqueness of architecture and monuments. The Old Corfu town of the island (Center) is included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO. located in a strategic position at the entrance of the Adriatic Sea, and has its roots in the 8th century BC. The three forts of the town, designed by renowned Venetian engineers, were used for four centuries to defend the maritime trading interests of the Republic of Venice against the Ottoman Empire. In course of time the forts were repaired and also partly rebuilt for several times, more recently under British rule in the 19th century. The mainly neoclassical housing stock of the Old Town is partly from the Venetian period, partly of later construction and notably the 19th century. As a fortified Mediterranean port, Corfu’s urban and port ensemble is notable for its high level of integrity and authenticity.
تقع المدينة التاريخية في جزيرة كورفو، على مسافة من السواحل الغربية الألبانية واليونانية، وتشكل موقعاً استراتيجياً عند مدخل البحر الأدرياتيكي. كما أن جذورها تعود إلى القرن الثامن قبل الميلاد. وقد صمدت الحصون الثلاثة للمدينة، التي صممها مهندسون مشهورون من البندقية، طوال أربعة قرون للدفاع عن المصالح التجارية البحرية لجمهورية البندقية ضد الامبراطورية العثمانية. وأصلحت الحصون على مرّ الزمن وأعيد بناؤها جزئياً عدة مرات، لا سيما إبان الحكم البريطاني في القرن التاسع عشر. وترقى البنى النيوكلاسيكية المنتشرة في المدينة القديمة إلى الحقبة الإيطالية (البندقية) في جزء منها، في حين أن البعض الآخر يعود إلى فترة لاحقة، وتحديداً إلى القرن التاسع عشر. ويُعدّ مرفأ كورفو المحصَّن من أبرز المرافئ المتوسطية لما يتصف به من وحدة في البناء وأصالة رفيعة.
Vieille ville de Corfou
La vieille ville située sur l’île de Corfou, au large des côtes occidentales de l’Albanie et de la Grèce, occupe une position stratégique à l’entrée de la mer Adriatique. Le début de son histoire remonte au VIIIe siècle av. J.-C. Les trois forts de la ville, conçus par des ingénieurs vénitiens renommés, ont servi pendant quatre siècles à défendre les intérêts du commerce maritime de la République de Venise contre l’Empire ottoman. Au fil du temps, ces fortifications durent être réparées et partiellement reconstruites à plusieurs reprises, les travaux les plus récents ayant été réalisés au XIXe siècle sous la domination britannique. Les bâtiments de la vieille ville, pour la plupart de style néoclassique, datent en partie de la période vénitienne et en partie d’époques plus tardives, notamment du XIXe siècle. Corfou, ville portuaire fortifiée de la Méditerranée, est exceptionnelle par son intégrité et son authenticité.
Oude stad Corfu
De oude stad Corfu, op het eiland Corfu, heeft zijn wortels in de 8e eeuw voor Christus. De stad ligt op een strategische positie bij de ingang van de Adriatische Zee. De drie forten van de stad zijn ontworpen door beroemde Venetiaanse ingenieurs. Vier eeuwen lang deden ze dienst om de maritieme handelsbelangen van de Republiek van Venetië tegen het Ottomaanse Rijk te verdedigen. De forten werden meerdere malen hersteld en deels herbouwd, het meest recent onder Britse heerschappij in de 19e eeuw. De neoklassieke woningen in Corfu dateren deels uit de Venetiaanse periode en deels uit latere periodes, voornamelijk de 19e eeuw.
Corfu island info
On the island of Corfu one can find many museums of great interest, such as the Achilleion the Museum of Far Eastern Art (the only one of its kind in Greece) and the Olives Museum that displays traditional tools and processes for olive oil production.
Corfu museum of Far-Eastern Art
It contains wonderful collections from countries of the Far East . This building was the headquarters of the British Army Staff , the headquarters of the Ionian Senate , and the summer residence of the Royal Family of Greece.
- Collections and exhibits: Chinese items from the Mingh , Soungh , Cheu, Chan, Wei, Ching dynasties.
- Japanese items, like weapons and masks.
- Objects from Pakistan , India, Nepal, Thibet, Cambodia, Corea, Thailand and Siam .
- Furniture, portraits, medals, paintings, small items of the presidents of the Ionian Senate and heirlooms.
The Japanese collection of the Museum of Far-Eastern Art includes some 6.200 exhibits , most of which date to the 14th to the 19th century . The exhibits include weapons and brass objects of the Samurai’s , wood engravings and paintings of famous Japanese artists, ceramics and porcelain , woodcuts, musical instruments, decorative items, inro and netsuke , masks of the theater “ ΝΟ ”, writing boxes ( Suzuribaco ), lacquer objects,Makemono and Kakemono paintings, as well as screens. The modern period of the Japanese art, known as Ento era (17th-19th centuries), is portrayed through the famousArita or Imari porcelains , popular or buddhist sculptures , lacquers, musical instruments and internal decoration items , like screens, and personal items, like the timy inro and netsuke.
Today, the Palace of Saint Michael and Saint George houses the Corfu Museum of Asian Art, the only one of its kind in Greece, solely dedicated to the art and antiquities of the Far East and India.
It was founded in 1928 as the Museum of Sino-Japanese Art, following the donation of Gregorios Manos’ Sino-Japanese collection to the Greek state. Since that time, the Museum has been a pole of attraction for many other donations, resulting in its collection currently comprising approximately 15.000 works of Asian art form private collections and individual item donations. The 1973 Hadjivassiliou donation, in particular, with the addition of 400 works from India, Pakistan, Tibet, Siam and southeast Asia, changed the Museum’s strictly Sino-Japanese profile and led to it being renamed to the Museum of Asian Art.
Today it enjoys worldwide recognition, with rare items from its collections being presented in international exhibitions. The most recent one was held in Tokyo, at the “Tokyo Metropolitan Edo – Tokyo Museum” in the summer of 2009.
The Palace of Corfu
The Palace during the English rule period 1814 -1864
The Palace of Saint Michael and Saint George are located on the northern part of the Spianada, the Corfu town historical centre square. It is the largest and the most significant building of the English rule period, which started in 1814 and ended in 1864 when the Ionian Islands were reunified with the rest of Greece.
They were built at the request of the then British Lord High Commissioner, Sir Thomas Maitland, to become his own luxurious residence and to house the High Commissioner’s administrative headquarters, which was until then located in the Old Fortress. The same building complex would also house the Ionian Senate and the Ionian Parliament, the two institutional bodied which symbolized the Ionian Islands’ autonomy, in order for the High Commissioner to keep them under his direct control. At the same time, the Palace would serve as the seat of the newly founded Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, which was established in 1818 at Maitland’s initiative, after which is was officially named “Palace of Saint Michael and Saint George”.
The construction of this building, which served the British Empire’s concentrative administration in the area and symbolized he Lord High Commissioner’s omnipotence, was commissioned to Sir George Whitmore. Whitmore, British army engineer and architect, designed a neoclassical, Regency style building. Following the principles of neo palladianism and the revival of ancient Greek art which were prevalent in England , he created and amalgam of Roman and Ancient Greek architecture. Maltese stone was used for the entire building the material was transported, along with specialized craftsmen, from Malta.
The Palace from the Reunification (1864) until today
In 1864, with the Reunification of the Ionian Islands with Greece, the Hellenic state appropriated a building, the size of which was only surpassed by King Otto’s Palace (currently housing the Hellenic Parliament). Until 1913, it was used as residence of the then royal family whenever they visited the island.
On the first floor, to the east and the west of the monumental halls, were the King’s and Queen’s chambers respectively. Impressive English and French pieces of furniture, artful lamps, tapestries, china, works of art and oriental carpets all put together the Palace’s luxurious decoration. The twelve rooms of the second floor were intended for the royal guard, while the basement for the domestic workers.
The tumultuous historical conjecture of the Balkan Wars (1912-14) and World War I (1914-18) brought upon a new change in the building’s use. The Palace was chosen to meet the urgent needs of the period between the Wars.
However, from as early as 1919, negotiations were underway for the creation of the first (and still by today unique) Museum of Asian Art in Greece. The new museum would be housed in the Corfu Palace, built around the collection-donation of Gregorios Manos.
The building was extensively damaged during World War II (1939-45), with the bombing of its roof and the looting of pieces of furniture and works of art, as well as during the Greece Civil War (1946-49), when the Banquet Hall was burnt to a cinder.
It was partially repaired in the ‘50s, focusing mainly on the monumental halls . From 1992 until 1994, the exterior masonry was repaired as well as the interior and its infrastructures were, as the Palace would host the 1994 European Union Summit Meeting in Corfu. Since then, the Museum of Asian Art has been including in the re-exhibition of its collections and the conservation, restoration and promotion of the Palace history.
Paxoi island, next to Corfu
Paxoi is the ideal island for a peaceful holiday. Fjord-shaped beaches, underwater caves, small bays and green hills welcome the lucky visitors. According to the legend, the island would be the southernmost tip of Corfu, if the God of the Sea, Poseidon, had not broken it off with his trident when he needed a god-deserving place to live his love with the Nereid Amphitrite.
Visit paxous be sure to go:
- the Venetian fortress of Agios Nikolaos
- the Paxi Museum and the churches and chapels of the area.
- the English Governor’s House
Paxi or Paxoi (Greek: Παξοί, pronounced /pækˈsiː/ in English and [pɐkˈsi] in Greek) is the smallest group of Ionian Islands (the Heptanese). In Greek it is a plural form. The largest islands are Paxos and nearby Antipaxos. Antipaxos is famous for its wine and two of the finest sand beaches in the Ionian Sea. The main town of Paxoi, and the seat of the municipality, is Gaios. In Greek mythology, Poseidon created the island by striking Corfu with his trident, so that he and wife Amphitrite could have some peace and quiet.
THE MOST BEAUTIFUL BEACHES
The perimeter of Paxos and Antipaxos is like a lacy work of art, making it a must for every visitors to take a tour of the island by boat.
The beaches (“spiantzes”), most of which are small in size and pebbly, have clean translucent waters. The most impressive are those of Gianna, Soulanenas, Balou, Agia Marina at Mogonissi, Kloni Gouli, Kamini, Kaki Lagada, Alati, Kipiadi, Marmaria, Levrehio, Glyfada, Monodendri, Arkoudaki, Orkos, Kanoni, Harami (sandy beach), Ahai, Avlaki Galazio and on Antipaxos, the clear, turquoise water and sandy beaches of Vrika & Voutoumi, popular yet idyllic, as well as the pebbly deserted beaches of Rodovani and Sarakiniko.
The magical caves of Mogonissi will impress (the caverns of the Sea Nymphs according to the bishop Paramythias Athinagoras), Tripitos with its natural stone bridge, the cliff of Mousmouliou, the Ortholithos (a great rock formation standing in the middle of the sea),Ahai with its continual caves, the impressive cliff of Erimitis (the sunset from Agii Apostoli in Boikatika in the area of Magazia, with a view of the cliff is a spectacular sight indeed) and the cave of Ipapantis are sights that nature carved over time for us to admire and enjoy.